We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
The body's blood sugar level, also called glucose levels, changes day and night depending on what a person eats. Measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), the normal sugar level of a person without diabetes usually falls around 70 to 100 mg/dL after not eating for eight hours or during sleep.
Sugar Levels for Diabetics
Of course, a doctor will have to diagnose properly, but usually, when someone is considered a diabetic, his body's sugar level rises beyond 140 to 200 mg/dL two hours after eating. It's more complicated to maintain a normal sugar level if you have diabetes, so it's best to get a proper diagnosis from the doctors.
In some cases, the sugar level of a person who is diabetic spikes a few minutes after waking up. Experts call this the dawn phenomenon, when, to help get itself moving, the body starts to release sugar into the bloodstream as soon as the person is awake.
A high sugar level in the morning might also indicate waning insulin. Though the diabetic has not yet eaten breakfast, the food and any medication he had the night before can impact the morning spikes.
Generally, the ideal sugar level range a diabetic has to aim for is between 70 to 130 mg/dL before breakfast, below 180 mg/dL two hours after eating meals and between 90 to 150 mg/dL by bedtime.
High vs. Low Blood Sugar Level
Within two hours of eating a meal or snack, the body's sugar level rises to 120 to 140 mg/dL and returns to the ideal range below 100 mg/dL by bedtime. Many healthy people can last through the day with fewer meals and a normal sugar level of 60 mg/dL.
High blood sugar kicks in slowly, but factors that can affect its development include lack of exercise, poor diet, skipping meals and not regularly taking diabetes maintenance medications. Having high blood sugar poses many health risks, as it can weaken the body's immune systems against sickness, infection and stress. It can also lead to vision problems and a constant feeling of thirst and tiredness.
Additionally, consistent high blood sugar levels can cause memory issues. According to Dr. Elizabeth Seaquist, professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota, people who have Type 2 diabetes are at a higher risk for Alzheimer's Disease. She also states that Type 2 diabetics are at an increased risk for vascular dementia, which is memory loss caused by blood vessel damage and insufficient blood flow to the brain.
The body reacts to low blood sugar, also known as hypoglycemia, faster. It can lead to fatigue, irritability, headache, hunger, a faster heart rate and shaking of the legs and body. Drinking or eating food with sugar can quickly alleviate the symptoms of hypoglycemia.
If the blood sugar isn't consistently level, a doctor might have to prescribe and adjust the diabetes maintenance medications.
About the Author
Heather Burdo is a writer who specializes in health and wellness. She has written for the Gluten-Free Living magazine, doctors, dentists and chiropractors. She has a passion for healthy living and self-development.